Your doctor will ask a lot of questions to see what might be causing the symptoms, and will examine you, paying particular attention to the neurological exam.
He or she may ask you to keep a headache diary to help figure out what triggers your headaches. The information you record will help the doctor figure out the best treatment. Sometimes, doctors may order blood tests or imaging tests, such as a CAT scan or MRI of the brain, to rule out medical problems that might cause a person's migraines. Migraine headaches and their triggers can vary a lot between people. Treatment can depend on how severe the headaches are, how often they happen, and what symptoms a person gets with them. Usually it helps to lie down in a cool, dark, quiet room.
Your doctor may prescribe pain relief medicine or medicines that help with nausea and vomiting. Some people need preventive medicines that are taken every day to reduce the number and severity of the migraines. Some doctors teach a technique called biofeedback to their patients with migraines.
This helps a person learn to relax and use the brain to gain control over certain body functions like heart rate and muscle stress that cause tension and pain. If a migraine begins slowly, some people can use biofeedback to remain calm and stop the attack. Adding other non-medicine therapies to the treatment plan, such as acupuncture or herbs, helps some people with migraines.
But ask your health care provider about these before trying them. This is especially true of herbal treatments because they can affect how other medicines work. You can't prevent every migraine.
Everything You Need to Know About Headaches
But learning your triggers and trying to avoid them can help. The new study shows that such worries are unfounded. The pain-ridden women were then given a popular migraine drug to determine how it affected the arteries.
This suggests that the old theory that sumatriptan works by narrowing the arteries may not be right after all. The new findings prepare the ground for studies into why sumatriptan still works even though the beneficial effect does not appear to be linked to the narrowing of arteries. The new discovery has paved the way for a new theory: migraine pain occurs because the nerve fibres around the blood vessels become extra sensitive. If this is the case, it is as yet uncertain why it is so.
Read the Danish version of this article at videnskab.
21 Natural Ways to Prevent and Treat Headaches | Time
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Find an eye doctor near you, and use your FSA funds to cover the cost of your eye exam. Migraine headaches have a genetic basis, and some studies say that up to 70 percent of people who suffer from the disorder have a family history of migraine headaches. According to the World Health Organization, migraine headaches appear to be triggered by activation of a mechanism deep in the brain, which releases inflammatory substances around nerves and blood vessels in the head and brain.
Imaging studies have revealed changes in blood flow to the brain during ocular migraines and migraine auras. But why this happens and what brings about the spontaneous resolution of ocular migraines and visual migraines remain unknown.
How are headaches diagnosed and evaluated?
Common migraine "triggers" that can cause a person to have a migraine attack including ocular and visual migraines include certain foods, such as aged cheeses, caffeinated drinks, red wine, smoked meats, and chocolate. Food additives, such as monosodium glutamate MSG , and artificial sweeteners also can trigger migraines in some people.
Other potential migraine triggers include cigarette smoke , perfumes and other strong odors, glaring or flickering lights, lack of sleep and emotional stress. As already noted, visual disturbances caused by ocular migraines and visual migraines typically disappear within an hour or less without treatment.
If you are performing tasks that require clear vision, when an ocular migraine or visual migraine occurs, stop what you are doing and relax until your vision returns to normal. If you're driving, park on the side of the road and wait for the vision disturbances to completely pass.
If you experience visual disturbances that are accompanied by a migraine headache, see your family physician or a neurologist for evaluation of your migraine episodes.